Species Composition and Relative Abundance of Insects of Veterinary Importance at Abuja, Nigeria.

JEGEDE, O.C., MBUKO, G., OBETA, S.S., AGBEDE, R.I.S., EJIOFOR, C. E. AND DANIELS, T.

Nig. J. Ent. 31: 129-135 (2015)

ABSTRACT. The insect fauna of University of Abuja was sampled with unbaited Bioconica and Nitsetrapfrom Oct. 19 to Nov. 30, 2012 (early dry season) and from Feb. x to Mar. y, 2013 (late dry season) to determine the occurrence and prevalence of insect species of veterinary importance. Efficiencies of the two traps were compared using the Student’s t statistic at tn = 0.05. Thirteen insect species in eight Families and five Orders were caught in the early dry season compared with seven species in five Families and two Orders in the late dry season. The Order Diptera had the highest
representation (six Families) and the most abundant species was Stomoxys calcitrans (57.6 and 57.2 % of the total collections in early and late dry season, respectively); other dipterous species collected were
Tabanus, Stomoxys, Chrysops Culicoides. Overall, Bioconical trap was more efficient than Nitse trap
(x vs. y trapped insects, to.< 0.05). The roles of the dipterous insects in disease transmission and the
repercussions to both man and livestock were discussed. The use of traps as a method of controlling
insect population( s) and proper methods of waste disposal were recommended to evade health hazards
linked to these insects.

Keywords: Biconical, Nitse, traps, insects, veterinary importance.

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