Distribution of Mosquito Species in Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna State, Northern Nigeria.


Nig. J. Ent. 31: 137-145 (2015)

ABSTRACT. Larval samples collected from several mosquitoes breeding sites and distributed throughout Kaduna metropolis were used to identify 15 species of mosquito from 15 randomly selected settlement areas in Kaduna metropolis within the Northern Guinea Savannah Zone of Nigeria. Culex pipiens complex comprised 80.42% of the total catch (6,991 specimens) while Anopheles species (0.06%) rarely occurred within Kaduna metropolis during the period under study. The metropolis was sectioned into old and new settlement areas; wherein G.R.A, which is an area in the old section, was where the highest number (8) of mosquito species were collected while the highest number of 7 -species of mosquito were collected in three areas in the new settlement. Four species exclusively occurred in the old settlement areas whereas two species exclusively occurred in the new settlement areas. There was no significant difference (P> 0.05) in the total
number of mosquito species sampled between the 15 settlement areas. This study identified Culex pipiens molestus and Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus as the most abundant mosquito species within Kaduna Metropolis.

Keywords: Kaduna metropolis, Culex pipiens complex Culex pipiens molestus, Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus.

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