Bioefficacy of Some Botanicals Against Gum Arabic Borer, Bruchus baudni Caill (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) on Stored Senegalia senegal Seeds
NJE Vol. 36: 32-45, 2020
B. S. Wudil,1 Lucy, E.,2 A. U. Yusuf,1 H. Sule,1 M. Abubakar2 and Fakuta N. M.2
1Department of Crop Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Bayero University, PMB 3011, BUK Kano
2Rubber Research Institute, Gum Arabic Sub-Station, Gashua, Yobe State, Nigeria
The use of bio-pesticides has proven to be successful approach in controlling agricultural insect pests. Study was conducted in the Laboratory of the Department of Crop Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Bayero University, Kano to study the Biology of Bruchus baudni on treated Senegalia senegal seeds. Seed oils and leaf powders of K. senegalensis and M. oleifera at three concentrations each, a chemical insecticide (Aluminum phosphide as standard check) and a control were laid out in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) and replicated three times. Data collected were oviposition, egg hatchability and developmental stages. The results indicated significant reduction in the number of eggs laid (1% and 1.38%) and hatchability (0.00% and 0.57%) on both seed oil and leaf powder treatments, respectively; however, the control recorded the highest eggs laid (99.9%) and number of emerged B. baudni (99.2%). The present findings showed that seeds and leaves of mahogany and moringa were effective as protectant against some of the development stages of B. baudni. Therefore, based on the present results, mahogany and moringa seeds and leaves could be explored to replace the synthetic insecticides in the management of B. baudni especially as components of integrated pest management strategy.
Keywords: Efficacy, Khaya senegalensis, Moringa oliefera, Biology of Bruchus baudni and Senegalia senegal seeds.